Why are humans the way they are? What motivates us? How can you tell if someone’s lying to you or not? You may have asked yourself these questions in the past, but one scientific field has dedicated itself to the study of such topics and more: biological psychology.
As the name implies, biological psychology focuses on how biology influences our mental processes, from memory and personality traits to emotions and decision-making skills, among many other aspects of human behavior.
1) The incredible influence of dopamine
Dopamine is one of the most important neurotransmitters in your brain. It has many functions, but its main function is to make you feel happy and motivated. Dopamine also helps regulate movement and emotional responses. One of the most incredible things about dopamine is that it can actually be used as a biological psychology example for addiction.
Dopamine causes people to crave drugs because they release dopamine into the brain’s reward system, which makes people feel good. In order to get these highs from the drug over and over again, an addict will continue to use drugs even if there are consequences like losing their family or even their life. In essence, addiction is really just another biological psychology example of how our biology controls our actions in life.
2) How you can use CBT techniques to boost willpower
One of the most powerful ways to boost willpower is through Cognitive Behavioral Therapy techniques. One such technique is called temptation bundling. Temptation bundling is when you connect something you want to do with something you need to do.
Biological psychology example, if your goal is to drink less caffeine, then your temptation bundle might be a decaf latte and a quick walk. If your goal is to exercise more often, your temptation bundle could be three workouts at home with healthy food delivery every day. When making this type of bundle it’s important that you commit 100%—your desire for one will keep you coming back for both!
3) The importance of your home environment
Your home environment is one of the most important things you can change to improve your mood. The colors smell and sounds in your home all have a huge effect on how you feel.
This is because we are hard-wired to learn much of what we know about our world through our sense of sight, smell, sound, taste, and touch. If these senses are displeased or troubled in any way then this can lead to an unhappy state of mind.
4) Fear is essential for survival
One of the most common psychological phenomena is fear. Fear is essential for survival and has many biological examples of psychology, including a fight-or-flight response to impending danger. People are aware that they are feeling fear and have their own rational explanations for why they feel this way.
However, there are also subconscious biological examples of psychology that govern our experience of fear – like the protection offered by mirror neurons during fearful experiences.
5) How your immune system works
The immune system is the body’s defense against disease. It is a complex and highly organized biological system that protects us from infection. Once the immune system has detected an invader, it produces antibodies to identify and neutralize it.
These antibodies mark the invader for destruction by other parts of our immune system or by cells that take care of invaders. Sometimes, however, our immune system can become confused and mistake healthy tissues for invaders, leading to an autoimmune disorder like lupus or rheumatoid arthritis.
6) Powerful psychotherapy methods
Psychotherapy can be a powerful tool for healing mental health issues and learning to manage your emotions. It’s important to know the various types of psychotherapy methods before you decide which treatment is best for you.
The five most popular types of psychotherapy are:
- Cognitive behavioral therapy,
- Psychodynamic therapy
- Humanistic therapy
- Family therapy
- Group therapy
7) The most important neurotransmitters
Neurotransmitters are chemicals that regulate brain function by sending signals between neurons. The most important neurotransmitters are glutamate, GABA, dopamine, serotonin, and acetylcholine. Some biological psychology examples of these neurotransmitters include their function and their effect on the nervous system.
Glutamate is an excitatory neurotransmitter and promotes nerve cell transmission in the central nervous system. Dopamine is a stimulating hormone-like substance, which is released when we experience pleasurable events such as food, drink, or sex. Acetylcholine regulates muscle movements in your body including your heartbeat, breathing, digestion, and swallowing.
8) How well do you remember faces?
It turns out, everyone has an average ability to remember faces. But some people are better than others, and they’re not necessarily the people you’d expect. There are three personality factors that play a role in how good your memory is for faces: neuroticism, extraversion, and openness. The more neurotic or open you are (in other words, the more your personality leans one way or the other), the better you are likely to be at remembering faces.
Those who fall somewhere in between on the scale tend to have trouble with face-memory skills. The reason for this may be that those who are more neurotic or open tend to pay more attention to what’s going on around them, meaning they’re more aware of any new person they come into contact with.
9) Some fascinating examples from history and beyond
- The Elephant’s Trunk – A biological example of psychology is the elephant’s trunk. In order to protect themselves from a swarm of bees, elephants will use their trunks to spray water on the bees in order to drown them. This shows that they have a heightened sense of danger when it comes to being attacked by something. They are able to recognize what could harm them and protect themselves accordingly. An instinctive reflex occurs in their minds as soon as they see anything nearby with venomous properties.
- Birds Protecting Themselves from Predatory Fish – Another intriguing biological example is the way birds defend themselves against predatory fish. Some bird species like terns have been observed picking up pebbles, shells, or other small objects from the seabed and dropping them on top of fish who approach too close to their nests.